强明瑞
博士/教授 地理科学学院
研究方向: 环境变化
mrqiang@scnu.edu.cn

教育背景

1992.09-1996.07 山西师范大学,本科/学士,地理学
1996.09-1999.07 中国科学院兰州沙漠研究所,研究生/硕士,自然地理学
1999.09-2002.12 兰州大学, 研究生/博士, 自然地理学

工作经历

2003.07-2005.09 北京师范大学资源学院, 地理学博士后工作站
2005.09-2008.05 兰州大学资源环境学院, 副教授
2008.05 - 2018.07 兰州大学资源环境学院, 教授
2018.07 —            华南师范大学地理科学学院,教授
2008.09-2009.09 德国波茨坦地球科学中心(GFZ), 访问学者

开设课程

地质学基础
地貌学

科研项目

  1. 国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,42071109,共和盆地西部低洼地形成与末次冰期粉尘释放,2021-01至2024-12,55万元,在研,主持
  2. 科技部,国家重点研发计划“全球变化及应对”重点专项项目课题,2017YFA0603402,亚洲干旱区气候变化及突变事件,2017-07至2022-07,581万元,在研,主持
  3. 国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,41671190,北疆泥炭沉积记录的全新世大气粉尘变化,2017-01至2020-12,75万元,在研,主持
  4. 教育部,高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(博导类),20130211110035,共和盆地更尕海现代沉水植物成因碳酸盐稳定同位素变化及其气候意义,2014-01至2016-12,12万元,已结题,主持
  5. 国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,41271219,青藏高原东北部更尕海沉积记录的全新世湖泊水位与气候变化,2013-01至2016-12,80万元,已结题,主持
  6. 科技部,国家重大科学研究计划项目,2012CB956102,湖泊与湿地生态系统对全球变化的响应及生态恢复对策研究,2012-01至2016-12,84.97万元,已结题,参加
  7. 科技部,国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(“973”项目),2011CB403301,黄河上游沙漠宽谷段风沙水沙过程与调控机理,2011-01至2015-12,43万元,已结题,参加
  8. 国家自然科学基金委员会,重点项目,40830105,世界各地黄土磁化率与古气候不同关系机制以及古气候重建问题系统研究,2009-01至2012-12,10万元,已结题,参加
  9. 国家自然科学基金委员会,创新群体项目,40721061、41021091,青藏高原和中东亚干旱区环境变化与地表过程研究,2008-01至2013-12,26万元,已结题,参加
  10. 教育部,“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”,NCET-07-0395,2008-01至2010-12,50万元,已结题,主持
  11. 国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,40671192,柴达木盆地湖泊沉积记录的全新世尘暴序列与粉尘释放历史,2007-01至2009-12,38万元,已结题,主持
  12. 国家自然科学基金委员会,青年科学基金项目,40301051,全新世青藏高原北缘苏干湖沉积记录的尘暴事件演化历史,2004-01至2006-12,30万元,已结题,主持
  13. 人事部,中国博士后科学基金项目,2003034109,2 ka以来贺兰山东西两侧湖泊沉积记录的气候变化,2004-01至2005-12, 1万元,已结题,主持
  14. 国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,40301050,苏干湖微层沉积记录与青藏高原北部全新世气候变化研究,2004-01至2006-12,30万元,已结题,参加

学术成果

       一直从事环境变化研究,主要成果包括:(1)验证了黄土沉积能否记录西风环流变化的假说,提出黄土沉积中细颗粒组分不能用来指示西风环流位移或强度变化的新观点;(2)研究了湖泊沉积风成输入过程,利用湖泊沉积重建了青藏高原东北部全新世风沙活动历史, 为理解亚洲粉尘释放过程与机制提供了源区证据;(3)利用共和盆地更尕海沉积生物大化石、自生碳酸盐氧同位素重建了青藏高原东北部晚冰期以来水文气候变化历史,揭示了不同时期水汽来源的相对贡献,为认识亚洲季风边缘区大气环流格局变化提供了可靠的证据;(4)系统研究了共和盆地晚第四纪风成沉积,提出风成砂沉积并不代表区域性干旱气候的新认识。发表论文60余篇。

  1. Qiang M.R.*, Stevens T., Li G.Q., Hu L., Wang X.W., Lang W.Z., Chen J., 2021. Late Quaternary dust, loess and desert dynamics in upwind areas of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Frontiers in Earth Science 9, 661874, doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.661874.
  2. Li Y., Qiang M.R.*, Huang X.Z., Zhao Y.T., Leppänen J.J., Weckström J., Väliranta M., 2021. Lateglacial and Holocene climate change in the NE Tibetan Plateau: Reconciling divergent proxies of Asian summer monsoon variability. Catena 199, 105089.
  3. Chen J., Yang T.B.*, Qiang M.R.*, Matishov G.G., Velichko A.A., Zeng B., Xu M., Shi P.H., 2020. Interpretation of sedimentary subpopulations extracted from grain size distributions in loess deposits at the Sea of Azov, Russia. Aeolian Research 45, 100597.
  4. Chen F.H., Chen S.Q., Zahng X., Chen J.H., Wang X., Gowan E.J., Qiang M.R., Dong G.H., Wang Z.L., Li Y.C., Xu Q.H., Xu Y.Y., Smol J.P., Liu J.B., 2020. Asian dust-storm activity dominated by Chinese dynasty changes since 2000 BP. Nature Communications 11, 992, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14765-4.
  5. Li Y., Song Y.G., Qiang M.R., Miao Y.F., Zeng M.X., 2019. Atmospheric Dust Variations in the Ili Basin, Northwest China, During the Last Glacial Period as Revealed by a High Mountain Loess‐Paleosol Sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmosphere) 124, 8449-8446.
  6. Li Y., Qiang M.R.*, Jin Y.X., Liu L., Zhou A.F., Zhang J.W., 2018. Influence of aquatic plant photosynthesis on the reservoir effect of Genggahai Lake, northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Radiocarbon 60, 561-569.
  7. Qiang M.R.*, Song L., Jin Y.X., Li Y., Liu L., Zhang J.W., Zhao Y., Chen F.H., 2017. A 16-ka oxygen-isotope record from Genggahai Lake on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: Hydroclimatic evolution and changes in atmospheric circulation. Quaternary Science Reviews 162, 72-87.
  8. Qiang M.R.*, Jin Y.X., Liu, X.X., Song L., Li H., Li F.S., Chen F.H., 2016. Late Pleistocene and Holocene aeolian sedimentation in Gonghe Basin, northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: Variability, processes, and climatic implications. Quaternary Science Reviews 132, 57-73.
  9. Li Y., Qiang M.R.*, Zhang J.W., Huang X.Z., Zhou A.F., Chen J.H., Wang G.G., Zhao Y., 2017. Hydroclimatic changes over the past 900 years documented by the sediments of Tiewaike Lake, Altai Mountains, northwestern China. Quaternary International 452, 91-101.
  10. Qiang M.R.*, Liu Y.Y., Jin Y.X., Song L., Huang X.T., Chen F.H., 2014. Holocene record of eolian activity from Genggahai Lake, northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Geophysical Research Letters 41, 589-595.
  11. Qiang M.R.*, Chen F.H., Song L., Liu X.X., Li M.Z., Wang Q., 2013. Late Quaternary aeolian activity in Gonghe Basin, northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Quaternary Research 79, 403-412.
  12. Qiang M.R.*, Song L., Chen F.H., Li M.Z., Liu X.X., Wang Q., 2013. A 16-ka lake-level record inferred from macrofossils in a sediment core from Genggahai Lake, northeastern Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau (China). Journal of Paleolimnology 49, 575-590.
  13. Song L.*, Qiang M.R.*, Lang L.L., Liu X.X., Wang Q., Li M.Z., 2012. Changes in palaeoproductivity of Genggahai Lake over the past 16 ka in the Gonghe Basin, northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Chinese Science Bulletin 57, 2595-2605.
  14. Qiang M.R.*, Chen F.H., Wang Z.T., Niu G.M., Song L., 2010. Aeolian deposits at the southeastern margin of the Tengger Desert (China): Implications for surface wind strength in the Asian dust source area over the past 20,000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 286, 66-80.
  15. Qiang M.*, Lang L., Wang Z., 2010. Do fine-grained components of loess indicate westerlies: Insights from observations of dust storm deposits at Lenghu (Qaidam Basin, China). Journal of Arid Environments 74, 1232-1239.
  16. Qiang M.R.*, Chen F.H., Zhang J.W., Zu R.P., Jin M., Zhou A.F., Xiao S., 2007. Grain size in sediments from Lake Sugan: a possible linkage to dust storm events at the northern margin of the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. Environmental Geology 51(7), 1229-1238.
  17. Qiang M.R.*, Chen F.H., Zhou A.F., Xiao S., Zhang J.W., Wang Z.T., 2007. Impacts of wind velocity on sand and dust deposition during dust storm as inferred from a series of observations in the northeastern Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, China. Powder Technology 175, 82-89.
  18. Qiang M.R.*, Chen F.H.*, Zhang J.W., Gao S.Y., Zhou A.F., 2005. Climatic changes documented by stable isotopes of sedimentary carbonate in Lake Sugan, northeastern Tibetan Plateau of China, since 2 ka BP. Chinese Science Bulletin, 50(17), 1930-1939.
  19. Qiang M.R.*, Li S., Gao S.Y., 2004. Evidence for abrupt climatic changes on the northwestern margin of the East Asian monsoon during the last Deglaciation. Chinese Geographical Science 14(2), 117-121.
  20. Chen F.H., Qiang M.R., Zhou A.F., Xiao S., Chen J.H., Sun D.H., 2013. A 2000-year dust storm record from Lake Sugan in the dust source area of arid China. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) 118, 2149-2160.
  21. Rao Z.G., Qiang M.R., Jia G.D., Li Y.X., Dan D., Chen F.H., 2016. A 15 ka lake water delta D record from Genggahai Lake, northeastern Tibetan Plateau, and its paleoclimatic significance. Organic Geochemistry 97, 5-16.
  22. Zhang J.W., Ma X.Y., Qiang M.R., Huang X.Z., Li S., Guo X.Y., Henderson A.C.G., Holmes J.A., Chen F.H., 2016. Developing inorganic carbon-based radiocarbon chronologies for Holocene lake sediments in arid NW China. Quaternary Science Reviews 144, 66-82.
  23. Rao Z.G., Jia G.D., Qiang M.R., Zhao Y., 2014. Assessment of the difference between mid- and long chain compound specific delta Dn-alkanes values in lacustrine sediments as a paleoclimatic indicator. Organic Geochemistry 76, 104-117.
  24. Chen F.H., Qiang M.R., Feng Z.D., Wang H.B., Bloemendal J., 2003. Stable East Asian monsoon climate during the last interglacial (Eemian) indicated by paleosol S1 in the western part of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Global and Planetary Change 36(3), 171-179.
  25. Gao S.Y., Lu R.J., Qiang M.R., Hasi E., Zhang D.S., Chen Y., Xia H., 2005. Reconstruction of precipitation in the last 140 years from tree ring at south margin of the Tengger Desert, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 50(21), 2487-2492
  26. Zhou A.F., Chen F.H., Qiang M.R., Yang M.L., Zhang J.W., 2007. The discovery of annually laminated sediments (varves) from shallow Sugan Lake in inland arid China and their paleoclimatic significance. Science in China (D Series) 50(8), 1218-1224.
  27. Zu R.P., Xue X., Qiang M.R., Yang B., Qu J.J., Zhang K.C., 2008. Characteristics of near-surface wind regimes in the Taklimakan Desert, China. Geomorphology 96, 39–47.
  28. Schettler G., Romer R.L., Qiang M.R., Plessen B., Dulski P., 2009. Size-dependent geochemical signatures of Holocene loess deposits from the Hexi Corridor (China). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 35, 103-136.
  29. Zhang D.J., Dong G.H., Wang H., Ren X.Y., Ha P.P., Qiang M.R.Chen, F.H., 2016. History and possible mechanisms of prehistoric human migration to the Tibetan Plateau, Science China (Earth Sciences), 59 (9), 1765-1778.
  30. Li G.Q., Rao Z.G., Duan Y.W., Xia D.S., Wang L.B., Madsen D.B., Jia J., Wei H.T., Qiang M.R., Chen J.H., Chen F.H., 2016. Paleoenvironmental changes recorded in a luminescence dated loess/paleosol sequence from the Tianshan Mountains, arid central Asia, since the Penultimate Glaciation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 448: 1-12.
  31. Lu R.J., Gao S.Y., Wang Y.J., Ma Y.Z., Qiang M.R., Zhang D.S., 2013. Tree-ring based drought reconstruction at the northwestern margin of monsoon region of China since 1862. Quaternary International 283, 93-97.
  32. Zu R.P., Gao Q.Z., Qu J.J., Qiang M.R., 2003. Environmental Changes of oases at south margin of Tarim Basin, China. Environmental Geology 44, 639-644.
  33. Holmes J.A., Zhang J.W., Chen F.C., Qiang M.R., 2007. Paleoclimatic implications of an 850-year oxygen-isotope record from the northern Tibetan Plateau. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L23403, doi:10.1029/2007GL032228.
  34. Wang Z.T., Zhang J.W., Zhang Q.H., Qiang M.R., Chen F.H., Ling Y.Q., 2008. Barchans of Minqin: Sediment transport. Geomorphology 96, 233–238.
  35. Zhang J.W., Holmes J.A., Chen F.H., Qiang M.R., Zhou A.F., Chen S., 2009. An 850-year ostracod-shell trace-element record from Sugan Lake, northern Tibetan Plateau, China: Implications for interpreting the shell chemistry in high-Mg/Ca waters. Quaternary International 194, 119–133.
  36. Zhang J.W., Chen F.H., Holmes J.A., Li H., Guo X.Y, Wang J.L., Li S., Lü Y.B., Zhao Y., Qiang M.R., 2011. Holocene monsoon climate documented by oxygen and carbon isotopes from lake sediments and peat bogs in China: a review and synthesis. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 1973-1987.
  37. Rao Z.G., Zhu Z.Y., Jia G.D., Chen F.H., Barton L., Zhang J.W., Qiang M.R., 2010. Relationship between climatic conditions and the relative abundance of modern C-3 and C-4 plants in three regions around the North Pacific. Chinese Science Bulletin 55, 1931-1936.
  38. Zhou A.F., Chen F.H., Wang Z.L., Yang M.L., Qiang M.R., Zhang J.W., 2009. Temporal change of radiocarbon reservoir effect in sugan lake, northwest china during the late Holocene, Radiocarbon 51, 529-535.
  39. Wang X.M., Xiao H.L., Li J.C., Qiang M.R., Su Z.Z., 2008. Nebkha development and its relationship to environmental change in the Alaxa Plateau, China. Environmental Geology 56, 359-365.
  40. Rao Z.G., Zhu Z.Y., Wang S.P., Jia G.D., Qiang M.R., Wu Y., 2009. CPI values of terrestrial higher plant-derived long-chain n-alkanes: a potential paleoclimatic proxy. Frontier of Earth Science in China 2009, 3(3), 266-272.
  41. Rashki A., Kaskaoutis D.G., Rautenbach C.J.deW., Eriksson P.G., Qiang M.R., Gupta P., 2012. Dust storms and their horizontal dust loading in the Sistan region, Iran. Aeolian Research 5, 51-62.
  42. #强明瑞*, 陈发虎*, 张家武, 高尚玉, 周爱锋. 2ka来苏干湖沉积碳酸盐稳定同位素记录的气候变化. 科学通报, 2005, 50 (13): 1385-1393.
  43. 强明瑞*, 陈发虎, 周爱锋, 肖舜, 张家武, 金明, 2006. 苏干湖沉积物粒度组成记录尘暴事件的初步研究. 第四纪研究 26(6), 915-922.
  44. 强明瑞*, 鲁瑞洁, 张家武, 肖舜, 陈发虎, 2006. 柴达木盆地苏干湖表层沉积与尘暴事件——元素示踪的初步结果. 湖泊科学 18(6), 590-596.
  45. 强明瑞*, 陈发虎, 高尚玉, 2004. 苏干湖沉积碳酸盐稳定同位素古气候意义的初步研究. 第四纪研究 24(5), 598-599.
  46. 强明瑞*, , 张家武, 陈发虎, 2007. 柴达木盆地北部风速对尘暴事件降尘的影响中国沙漠 27(2), 290-295.
  47. 强明瑞*, 李森, 金明, 陈发虎, 2000. 60 ka来腾格里沙漠东南缘风成沉积与沙漠演化. 中国沙漠 20(3), 256-259.
  48. 森,强明瑞, 李保生, 高尚玉, 2004. 末次冰消期东亚季风区西北缘气候快速变化事件. 地质论评 50(1), 106-112.
  49. 宋磊, 强明瑞*, 牛光明, 郎丽丽, 2009. 柴达木盆地苏干湖沉积元素特征与大风尘暴事件. 海洋地质与第四纪地质 29(1), 95-102.
  50. 肖舜, 陈发虎, 强明瑞, 张家武, 周爱锋, 孙东怀, 2007. 青海苏干湖表层沉积物粒度分布模式与大气粉尘记录. 地理学报 62(11), 1153-1164.
  51. 鲁瑞洁, 夏虹, 强明瑞, 张登山, 2008. 130 a来毛乌素沙漠北部泊江海子湖泊沉积记录的气候环境变化. 中国沙漠 28(1), 44-49.
  52. 牛光明, 强明瑞*, 宋磊, 郎丽丽, 王立强. 2010. 5000 a来柴达木盆地东南缘风成沉积记录的冬季风演化. 中国沙漠 30(4), 1031-1039.
  53. , 强明瑞*, 2010. 更尕海现代碎屑物质粒度组成空间分异及其输入过程. 第四纪研究 30(6): 1199-1208.
  54. #*, 强明瑞*, 郎丽丽, 刘星星, 王亲, 李明治, 2012. 16 ka BP共和盆地更尕海湖泊生产力演化历史. 科学通报 57(19), 1763-1774.
  55. 李渊, 强明瑞*, 王刚刚, 李丰山, 刘英英, 金彦香, 李昊, 金明, 2015. 晚冰期以来共和盆地更尕海碎屑物质输入过程与气候变化. 第四纪研究 35(1), 160-171.
  56. 金彦香, 强明瑞*, 刘英英, 李渊, 李昊, 李丰山, 2015. 共和盆地更尕海现代水环境与碳酸盐碳氧同位素组成变化. 科学通报 60(9), 847-856.
  57. 周爱锋, 强明瑞, 张家武, 陈发虎, 钟艳霞, 陈建徽, 肖舜, 2008. 苏干湖沉积物纹层计年和210Pb137Cs测年对比. 兰州大学学报(自然科学版) 44(6), 15-18.
  58. #周爱锋, 陈发虎, 强明瑞, 杨美临, 张家武, 2007. 内陆干旱区柴达木盆地苏干湖年纹层的发现及其意义. 中国科学(D, 地球科学) 37(7), 941-948.
  59. #高尚玉, 鲁瑞洁, 强明瑞, 哈斯, 张登山, 陈原, 夏虹, 2006. 140年来腾格里沙漠南缘树木年轮记录的降水量变化. 科学通报 51(3), 326-331.
  60. #饶志国, 朱照宇, 贾国东, 陈发虎, Barton Loukas, 张家武, 强明瑞, 2010. 环北太平洋地区现代植被中C3/C4植物相对丰度与气候条件关系研究. 科学通报 55(12), 1134-1140.
  61. 宋磊, 强明瑞*, 金彦香, 徐军强, 李渊, 2013. 青藏高原东北部更尕海沉积软体动物壳体同位素初步研究. 地球环境学报 4(1), 1183-1190.
  62. 强明瑞, 李森, 侯甬坚, 2010. 西藏土地沙漠化形成时代与过程. : 李森等著, 西藏土地沙漠化及其防治. 北京: 科学出版社, pp 52-76.

  
* 通讯作者
# 中英文同时出版论文

社会兼职

Quaternary International, 编委(2021-2025)
中国第四纪科学研究会气候突变专业委员会副主任(2016.7)、研究会终身会员
中国海洋湖沼学会湖泊分会理事(2016.11)
中国地理学会干旱半干旱区地理建设分会第六届委员会委员(2018.8)、中国地理学会会员
国家自然科学基金委通讯评议人
QSR、JGR、Geology 等40余家学术期刊审稿人

其他

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